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Gender differences in job flexibility: Commutes and working hours after job loss

Jordy Meekes and Wolter H.J. Hassink

Journal of Urban Economics, 2022, vol. 129, issue C

Abstract: This paper studies whether women and men cope with job loss differently. Using 2006-2017 Dutch administrative monthly microdata and a quasi-experimental empirical design involving job displacement because of firm bankruptcy, we find that displaced women are more likely than displaced men to find a flexible job with limited working hours and short commutes. Relative to displaced men, displaced women tend to acquire a job with an 8 percentage points larger loss in working hours and an 8 percentage points smaller increase in commuting. However, displaced women experience longer unemployment durations and comparable hourly wage losses. Job loss thus widens gender gaps in employment, working hours and commuting distance. Further, results point out that displaced expectant mothers experience relatively high losses in employment and working hours, amplifying child penalty effects. The findings show that firm bankruptcy for expectant mothers widens gender gaps in employment and working hours.

Keywords: Job loss; Commuting distance; Employment; Gender pay gap; Labour supply; Pregnancy (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J13 J16 J22 J31 J32 J6 R2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jue.2022.103425

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