Regulation of district-heating systems
Utilities Policy, 2014, vol. 31, issue C, 63-73
District heating plays a major role in many countries' heating markets. Unlike natural gas and electric power utilities, district-heating systems are commonly not subject to direct economic regulation, particularly with regard to prices. This article examines the possibility of regulating district-heating systems and the difficulties associated with practical implementation using the example of the German district-heating market. It considers, from an economic perspective, regulation of access to district-heating systems as well as regulation of pricing by district-heating systems. Ex-ante and ex-post regulation of retail prices are considered. Finally, some ideas for the further development of district-heating regulation are suggested.
Keywords: District heating; Regulation; Competition; Natural monopoly; Heating market (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (10) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:juipol:v:31:y:2014:i:c:p:63-73
Access Statistics for this article
Utilities Policy is currently edited by D. Smith
More articles in Utilities Policy from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Haili He ().