Transportation intensity, urbanization, economic growth, and CO2 emissions in the G-20 countries
Mak Arvin (),
Rudra P. Pradhan and
Neville R. Norman
Utilities Policy, 2015, vol. 35, issue C, 50-66
This paper examines linkages among transportation intensity, the extent of urbanization, CO2 emissions, and economic growth. We use two measures of transportation intensity: (i) per-capita rates of utilization of air-passenger transport facilities and (ii) per-capita rates of utilization of air-freight transport facilities. By studying the G-20 countries over the period 1961–2012 and employing a panel vector auto-regressive model for detecting Granger causality, we find a network of causal connections among these four variables in the short run. We also find that economic growth tends to converge to its long-run equilibrium path in response to changes in the other variables. Our fundamental conclusion is that passenger carriage intensity should be improved in the developing countries within the G-20 for the purpose of propelling economic growth.
Keywords: Transportation intensity; Urbanization; CO2 emissions; Economic growth; Granger causality; G-20 countries (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:juipol:v:35:y:2015:i:c:p:50-66
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