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Review of drivers and barriers of water and sanitation policies for urban informal settlements in low-income and middle-income countries

Sheela S. Sinharoy, Rachel Pittluck and Thomas Clasen

Utilities Policy, 2019, vol. 60, issue C, -

Abstract: This study examined drivers and barriers of water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) policies in urban informal settlements in low and middle-income countries. We conducted a search of peer-reviewed and grey literature published between January 2000 and April 2018. We organized evidence into six domains of drivers and barriers: economic, spatial, social, institutional, political, and informational. Key drivers included donor prioritization and collective action, while key barriers included social exclusion, lack of land or dwelling tenure status, the political economy of decision-making, and insufficient data. Ensuring responsive water and sanitation policies for informal settlements will require inter-disciplinary collaboration and both top-down and bottom-up approaches.

Keywords: Water and sanitation; Informal settlements; Slums (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jup.2019.100957

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