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The effect on poverty alleviation and income increase of rural land consolidation in different models: A China study

Dongli Zhang, Wenxiong Wang, Wei Zhou, Xiaoling Zhang and Jian Zuo

Land Use Policy, 2020, vol. 99, issue C

Abstract: China has been faced with many issues in land use due to its rapid industrialization and urbanization, and socio-economic transformation. This has hindered the coupling of “human-land-industry” systems and restricted the sustainable development of poor areas. Rural Land Consolidation (RLC), in combination with land system reform and policy innovation, which has produced the sustainable use of land, and further emerged as one of the most important instruments to boost China’s poverty alleviation. This paper employs a sustainable livelihood framework to investigate the poverty alleviation and income increase mechanisms of different RLC models. Based on a questionnaire survey of 877 households in Hubei and Guizhou Province, the PSM-DID model of quasi-experimental research is applied to examine how different RLC models (i.e. government-led and PPP) affect the total income and income components (i.e. agricultural, property, wage, and other incomes) of poor and non-poor households. The results show that RLC promotes the coupling of “human-land-industry” systems in poverty-stricken areas during the transformation process by combining with land system reform and policy innovation. This has helped reduce the vulnerability of farmer households’ livelihood and encourages them to obtain sustainable livelihood resources, contributes to alleviating poverty, and thus increases income. However, poverty alleviation and income increase are not consistent across different models.

Keywords: Rural land consolidation; Government-led model; PPP model; Poverty alleviation; Sustainable livelihood framework (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.landusepol.2020.104989

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