Exotic harmful algae in marine ecosystems: an integrated biological-economic-legal analysis of impacts and policies
Jeroen van den Bergh,
Paulo Nunes (),
Harm M. Dotinga,
Wiebe H. C. F. Kooistra,
Engel G. Vrieling and
Marine Policy, 2002, vol. 26, issue 1, 59-74
Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are the cause of important damages to marine living resources and human beings. HABs are generated by micro-algae. These marine species are primarily introduced through ballast water of ships and, to a lesser extent, through import of living fish, in particular shellfish. Effective and efficient regulation of HABs requires an integration of insights from biological, economic and legal sciences. Such an integration consists of (a) a clear identification of the bio-ecological pathways and overall consequences related to the damages of HABs; (b) an assessment of monetary costs of HABs; and (c) an understanding of the set of complementary legal-institutional and economic instruments dealing with HABs through prevention, restoration and amelioration. This paper discusses each element in detail, in which biological, economic and legal aspects come together, drawing conclusions for decision making in marine management. In order to move away from the general level of discussion, an example of HABs is presented in which, biological, economic and legal aspects are combined.
Keywords: Biodiversity; Exotic; algal; blooms; Legal; instruments; Marine; management; Total; economic; value (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:marpol:v:26:y:2002:i:1:p:59-74
Access Statistics for this article
Marine Policy is currently edited by Eddie Brown
More articles in Marine Policy from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().