IFQs and total factor productivity changes: The case of the Gulf of Mexico red snapper fishery
Juan J. Agar and
Julio del Corral ()
Marine Policy, 2015, vol. 62, issue C, 347-357
This study investigates changes in the total factor productivity (TFP) and identifies the main sources of TFP growth following the adoption of an individual fishing quota (IFQ) program in the Gulf of Mexico red snapper commercial fishery. Utilizing an unbalanced panel of 722 vertical line vessels Malmquist indices were derived from an output-oriented stochastic distance frontier. The analysis shows that the IFQ program had a positive impact on the productivity of the fleet and that most of the productivity gains were due to improvements in technical efficiency. The study also finds that changes in technical efficiency were time variant suggesting that the exit of the less efficient vessels and easing of command and control regulations such as trip limits and short fishing seasons were responsible for most of these gains. Changes in the exploitable biomass of red snapper were found to have a moderate impact on productivity growth whereas the impact of technological progress was minimal.
Keywords: Productivity change; Individual fishing quotas; stochastic frontier distance function (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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