The inter-temporal relationship between risk, capital and efficiency: The case of Islamic and conventional banks
M. Kabir Hassan () and
Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, 2020, vol. 62, issue C
The paper investigates the relationship between risk, capital and efficiency for Islamic and conventional banks using a dataset spanning 14 countries. We use the z-score as a proxy for insolvency risk, cost efficiency is estimated via a stochastic frontier approach and capitalisation is reflected on the equity to assets ratio. An array of bank-specific, macroeconomic and market structure variables are used in a system of three equations, estimated using the seemingly unrelated regression (SUR) technique. We find that the capitalisation response to increases in insolvency risk is more pronounced for Islamic banks but has an approximately five-times smaller effect on risk mitigation compared to conventional banks. Higher cost efficiency is related to lower risk for conventional banks, but the opposite is true for Islamic banks. The link between cost efficiency and capitalisation attests to a substitutional effect for the case of conventional banks, but a complementary effect for Islamic banks. Our findings give new insights on the use of efficiency to gauge capital requirements for financial institutions and are particularly relevant for regulators and policy makers in countries where both bank types operate.
Keywords: Islamic banks; Conventional banks; Capital ratio; Z-score; Seemingly unrelated regression (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C33 G21 G28 N25 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:pacfin:v:62:y:2020:i:c:s0927538x19305992
Access Statistics for this article
Pacific-Basin Finance Journal is currently edited by K. Chan and S. Ghon Rhee
More articles in Pacific-Basin Finance Journal from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Nithya Sathishkumar ().