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Uncertainty, informational spillovers and policy reform: A gravity model approach

Jan Fidrmuc and Elira Karaja ()

European Journal of Political Economy, 2013, vol. 32, issue C, 182-192

Abstract: Reforms often occur in waves, seemingly cascading from country to country. We argue that such reform waves can be driven by informational spillovers: uncertainty about the outcome of reform is reduced by learning from the experience of similar countries. We motivate this hypothesis with a simple theoretical model of informational spillovers and learning, and then test it empirically using an approach inspired by the gravity model. We find evidence of informational spillovers both with respect to both political and economic liberalization. While the previous literature has focused only on economic reform, we find that the spillovers are particularly important for political changes.

Keywords: Economic reform; Democratization; Institutions; Uncertainty; Spillovers (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O11 O47 P27 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:poleco:v:32:y:2013:i:c:p:182-192

DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2013.07.003

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