EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

The performance of politicians: The effect of gender quotas

Michela Braga () and Francesco Scervini ()

European Journal of Political Economy, 2017, vol. 46, issue C, 1-14

Abstract: This paper investigates whether the gender of elected politicians affects political outcomes at the municipal level. Relying on Italian administrative data from 1991 to 2009, we are able to instrument the gender of elected politicians using an institutional exogenous change: a gender quota in the candidacy list enforced only in a subsample of municipalities and for a short period of time. While the gender of politicians does not affect the general ‘quality of life’, proxied by the internal migration rate, it does increase significantly both the efficacy of policies targeting women and households, proxied by the fertility rate, and the efficiency of the municipal administration, proxied by the actual size of the administrative bodies. These results, which are robust to several specifications and checks, suggest that affirmative action enhancing gender equality in political representation may be beneficial not only in terms of social justice but also from a political outcome perspective.

Keywords: Gender; Municipal government; Political outcomes; Fertility (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 J13 J16 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0176268016302336
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
Working Paper: The performance of politicians. The effect of gender quotas (2015) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:poleco:v:46:y:2017:i:c:p:1-14

Access Statistics for this article

European Journal of Political Economy is currently edited by J. De Haan, A. L. Hillman and H. W. Ursprung

More articles in European Journal of Political Economy from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().

 
Page updated 2018-10-12
Handle: RePEc:eee:poleco:v:46:y:2017:i:c:p:1-14