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A large scale OLG model for the analysis of the redistributive effects of policy reforms

Alessandro Bucciol (), Laura Cavalli, Igor Fedotenkov, Paolo Pertile (), Veronica Polin (), Nicola Sartor () and Alessandro Sommacal ()

European Journal of Political Economy, 2017, vol. 48, issue C, 104-127

Abstract: The paper presents a large scale overlapping generation model with heterogeneous agents, where the household is the decision unit. We calibrate the model for three European countries – France, Italy and Sweden – which show marked differences in the design of some public programmes. We examine the properties in terms of annual and life cycle redistribution of a number of tax-benefit programmes, by studying the impact of removing from our model economies some or all of them. We find that whether one considers a life cycle or an annual horizon, and whether behavioural responses are accounted for or not, has a large impact on the results. The model may provide useful insights for policy makers on which kind of reforms are more likely to achieve specific equity objectives.

Keywords: Redistribution; Fiscal policy; Computable OLG models (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H2 H3 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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