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Central bankers as supervisors: Do crises matter?

Donato Masciandaro () and Davide Romelli ()

European Journal of Political Economy, 2018, vol. 52, issue C, 120-140

Abstract: Following the 2007–09 Global Financial Crisis many countries have changed their financial supervisory architecture by increasing the involvement of central banks in supervision. This has led many scholars to argue that financial crises are an important driver in explaining the evolution of the role of central banks as supervisors. We formally test this hypothesis employing a new database that captures the full set of supervisory reforms implemented during the period 1996-2013 in a large sample of countries. Our findings support the view that systemic banking crises are important drivers of reforms in supervisory structure. However, we also highlight an equally important peer effect, namely a tendency of countries to reform their financial supervisory architecture when others do so as well. We construct several measures of spatial spillover effects and show that they can explain institutional similarities among countries and impact the probability of reforming the role of the central bank in financial sector supervision.

Keywords: Financial supervision; Central banking; Central bank independence; Political economy; Banking supervision (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E58 E63 G18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Working Paper: Central Bankers as Supervisors: Do Crises Matter? (2015) Downloads
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Handle: RePEc:eee:poleco:v:52:y:2018:i:c:p:120-140