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Immigration, ethnic diversity and voting: The role of individual income

Giorgio Bellettini (), Carlotta Berti Ceroni () and Chiara Monfardini ()

European Journal of Political Economy, 2020, vol. 61, issue C

Abstract: We exploit a unique panel dataset merging data on individual socio-economic characteristics and individual turnout in an Italian municipality to investigate the relationship between ethnic diversity in residential neighborhoods and propensity to vote. Using these data, we document for the first time a differential effect of diversity on electoral turnout depending on household equivalent income. Specifically, we show that ethnic diversity in the neighborhood reduces the political participation of the poor, while it fosters that of the more affluent. These results highlight a potential democratic deficit stemming from reduced and unequal electoral turnout in increasingly heterogeneous neighborhoods.

Keywords: Ethnic diversity; Electoral turnout; Income; Panel data (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 J10 C23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2019.101840

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