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Ghostbusting in Detroit: Evidence on nonfilers from a controlled field experiment

Ben Meiselman ()

Journal of Public Economics, 2018, vol. 158, issue C, 180-193

Abstract: Many people who owe income tax fail to file a timely tax return. In communication with these “ghosts,” what messages from the tax authority are effective for eliciting a return? This is the first study to address message content in communication with income tax nonfilers. I assess the efficacy of messages related to penalty salience, punishment probability, compliance cost, and civic pride by evaluating the response to experimental mailings distributed by Detroit to 7142 suspected resident nonfilers. The penalty salience message was the most effective. Relative to a basic mailing that requested a return, penalty salience mailings that stated the statutory penalty for failing to file a return tripled response rates from 3% to 10%. Compliance cost mailings that enclosed a blank tax return and punishment probability mailings that stated the recipient's federal income also raised response rates relative to the basic mailing, but civic pride mailings did not. I investigate the impact of treatment mailings on the behavior of untreated neighbors and find no evidence of geographic network effects.

Keywords: Nonfiler; Tax evasion; Income tax (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H24 H26 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Handle: RePEc:eee:pubeco:v:158:y:2018:i:c:p:180-193