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Women's career choices, social norms and child care policies

Francesca Barigozzi, Helmuth Cremer () and Kerstin Roeder

Journal of Public Economics, 2018, vol. 168, issue C, 162-173

Abstract: Our model explains the observed gender-specific patterns of career and child-care choices through endogenous social norms. We study how these norms contribute to the emergence of a gender wage gap. We show that via the social norm a couple's child-care and career choices impose an externality on other couples, so that the laissez-faire is inefficient. We use our model to study the design and effectiveness of three commonly used policies. We find that child-care subsidies and women quotas can be effective tools to mitigate or eliminate the externality. Parental leave, however, may even intensify the externality and decrease welfare.

Keywords: Social norms; Child-care; Women's career choices; Child care subsidies; Women quotas; Parental leave (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D13 H23 J16 J22 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Related works:
Working Paper: Women's career choices, social norms and child care policies (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Women's career choices, social norms and child care policies (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Women's Career Choices, Social Norms and Child Care Policies (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: Women's career choices, social norms and child care policies (2017) Downloads
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