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Intimate partner violence under forced cohabitation and economic stress: Evidence from the COVID-19 pandemic

Esther Arenas-Arroyo, Daniel Fernandez-Kranz and Natalia Nollenberger
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Daniel Fernandez Kranz () and Esther Arenas-Arroyo ()

Journal of Public Economics, 2021, vol. 194, issue C

Abstract: With the COVID-19 outbreak imposing stay at home and social distancing policies, warnings about the impact of lockdown and its economic consequences on domestic violence have surged. This paper disentangles the effect of forced cohabitation and economic stress on intimate partner violence. Using an online survey data set, we find a 23% increase of intimate partner violence during the lockdown. Our results indicate that the impact of economic consequences is twice as large as the impact of lockdown. We also find large but statistically imprecise estimates of a large increase of domestic violence when the relative position of the man worsens, especially in contexts where that position was already being threatened. We view our results as consistent with the male backlash and emotional cue effects.

Keywords: Intimate partner violence; Lockdown; Economic stress; Covid-19; Coronavirus (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I18 J12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2020.104350

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