Demographic transition and economic welfare: The role of in-cash and in-kind transfers
Stephen Miller and
Kyriakos Neanidis ()
The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 2015, vol. 58, issue C, 84-92
Do in-cash and in-kind transfers to families affect parental fertility choices and economic welfare differently? We examine this question via a demographic transition channel in the context of a two-period overlapping generations model. In childhood, reproductive agents face a non-zero probability of death, while as adults, they allocate their time to work, leisure, and childrearing activities. Health status in adulthood exhibits “state dependence,” as it depends on health in childhood. We find that cash transfers lead to both higher fertility and welfare if parents strongly value the quantity of their children. This positive welfare effect dominates an indirect negative welfare effect due to a lower growth rate. But, if parents value the quality of their children, in-kind transfers yield greater welfare, along with lower fertility and higher economic growth. These findings guide the choice, or mix, of in-kind and in-cash transfers by being based on the government's objectives regarding demographic transition and economic outcomes.
Keywords: Fertility; Health; Growth; Transfers; Welfare (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F35 F43 I12 O41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Demographic Transition and Economic Welfare: The Role of In-Cash and In-Kind Transfers (2014)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:quaeco:v:58:y:2015:i:c:p:84-92
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