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Pro-poor growth in East Africa

Jaromír Harmáček, Miroslav Syrovátka and Lenka Dušková

The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 2017, vol. 64, issue C, 82-93

Abstract: In the paper we discuss the concept of pro-poor growth and apply it to the East African countries. We examine the interlinkages between three development concepts–poverty, inequality, and growth. We use four operationalizations of the pro-poor growth concept: pro-poor growth index (Kakwani & Pernia, 2000), poverty equivalent growth rate (Kakwani & Son, 2008), poverty growth curve (Son, 2004), and rate of pro-poor growth (Ravallion & Chen, 2003). Applying these methods to the latest available data (from the World Bank's PovcalNet), we calculate and compare the degree of pro-poor growth in five East African countries (Burundi, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda). According to our results, for most of the cases (time periods by countries) the growth was not pro-poor in the relative sense, yet still poverty reducing. While the poor benefited from growth more than the non-poor only in Rwanda, the greatest poverty reduction was achieved in Tanzania.

Keywords: East Africa; Poverty; Inequality; Pro-poor growth (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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