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Comparative study on credit risk in Islamic banking institutions: The case of Malaysia

Mongi Lassoued

The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, 2018, vol. 70, issue C, 267-278

Abstract: The study of credit risk is a great interest and the debate over the relative credit risk of Islamic banks remains open. The study aims at addressing this key question: Do Islamic banks (IBs) have higher credit risk than conventional banks (CBs) in Malaysia? Accordingly, some papers tried to answer this question but they were performed using cross-country data. The cross-country data should have been treated more cautiously since every country has its own developmental backgrounds and regional resulting in different characteristics of banking industry. Moreover, different financial systems that give support or limit the operation of Islamic banks will also make more difficult to compare the data of each country. For that reason, it is suggested to take suitable control for heterogeneity across countries to obtain consistently good conclusions about the credit risk. Different from the cross-country works, this study will focus on the country-level data of Malaysia. A panel data model was applied and it was used the generalized least squares (GLS) model and a yearly bank level data to evaluate the credit risk of 22 conventional banks and 17 Islamic banks in Malaysia. In addition, the study period, which lasted from 2005 to 2015, seems to be representative since it encompasses the period of the sub-prime crisis. This project is an extension of the study begun by Čihák and Hesse (2008) that used cross-country bank data such Malaysia. The results are particularly interesting and do not confirm the results generated by these researchers. The main contribution that this work will hopefully make is to show the reasons which account for the Islamic banks' higher degree of credit risk, and particularly to provide additional insights and complement the existing cross-country studies on Islamic bank stability.

Keywords: Credit risk; Islamic banking; Z-score; Panel data; Malaysia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: G18 G21 G32 G33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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