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A model for simulating adaptive, dynamic flows on networks: Application to petroleum infrastructure

Thomas F. Corbet, Walt Beyeler, Michael L. Wilson and Tatiana P. Flanagan

Reliability Engineering and System Safety, 2018, vol. 169, issue C, 451-465

Abstract: Simulation models can improve decisions meant to control the consequences of disruptions to critical infrastructures. We describe a dynamic flow model on networks purposed to inform analyses by those concerned about consequences of disruptions to infrastructures and to help policy makers design robust mitigations. We conceptualize the adaptive responses of infrastructure networks to perturbations as market transactions and business decisions of operators. We approximate commodity flows in these networks by a diffusion equation, with nonlinearities introduced to model capacity limits. To illustrate the behavior and scalability of the model, we show its application first on two simple networks, then on petroleum infrastructure in the United States, where we analyze the effects of a hypothesized earthquake.

Keywords: Critical infrastructure; Petroleum infrastructure; Infrastructure disruption; Network flow; Resilience metrics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Handle: RePEc:eee:reensy:v:169:y:2018:i:c:p:451-465