EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

A century of shocks: The evolution of the German city size distribution 1925-1999

Maarten Bosker, Steven Brakman (), Harry Garretsen and Marc Schramm

Regional Science and Urban Economics, 2008, vol. 38, issue 4, 330-347

Abstract: This paper uses empirical evidence on the evolution and structure of the West-German city size distribution to assess the relevance of three different theories of urban growth. The West-German case is of particular interest as Germany's urban system has been subject to some of history's largest (exogenous) shocks during the 20th century. A unique annual data set for 62 West-German cities that covers the period 1925-1999 allows for the identification of these shocks and provides evidence on the effects of these 'quasi-natural experiments' on the city size distribution as a whole as well as on each city separately. Our main findings are twofold. First, WWII has had a major and lasting impact on the city size distribution. Second, and heavily based upon the results of (panel) unit root tests that analyze the evolution of the individual cities that make up the West-German city size distribution, city growth is found to be trend stationary, which is not in line with Gibrat's Law of proportional effect. Overall, our findings are most consistent with theories emphasizing the role of increasing returns to scale for city growth.

Date: 2008
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (85)

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166-0462(08)00046-X
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
Working Paper: A Century of Shocks: The Evolution of the German City Size Distribution 1925 – 1999 (2006) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:regeco:v:38:y:2008:i:4:p:330-347

Access Statistics for this article

Regional Science and Urban Economics is currently edited by D.P McMillen and Y. Zenou

More articles in Regional Science and Urban Economics from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Catherine Liu ().

 
Page updated 2024-05-07
Handle: RePEc:eee:regeco:v:38:y:2008:i:4:p:330-347