A simple randomization test for spatial correlation in the presence of common factors and serial correlation
Giovanni Millo ()
Regional Science and Urban Economics, 2017, vol. 66, issue C, 28-38
A randomization test is proposed for detecting spatial dependence in panel models with cross-sectional dependence induced by an unobserved common factor structure. Spatial dependence is related to the position of observations in space while cross-sectional dependence is generally not; yet spatial correlation tests have power against both. Permuting the pairs of neighbouring observations in the proximity matrix yields a simple spatial dependence test which is robust to the presence of non-spatial cross-sectional correlation, serial correlation and can accommodate short and unbalanced panels. The proposed procedure is evaluated and compared to alternatives through Monte Carlo simulation; it is then illustrated by an application to recent research on technology spillovers. A user-friendly R implementation is provided.
Keywords: Panel data; Common factors; Spatial dependence; Serial correlation; Randomization test (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:regeco:v:66:y:2017:i:c:p:28-38
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