Extensive CO2 recycling in power systems via Power-to-Gas and network storage
Andrea Antenucci and
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2019, vol. 100, issue C, 33-43
The recycling of carbon dioxide (CO2) into synthetic fuels via Power-to-Gas (PtG) could represent an important instrument for achieving the complete decarbonization of the energy sector. To address such issue, this paper calculates the investments in PtG units, grid reinforcements and renewable installations that allow the almost complete recycling of the CO2 emissions of a countrywide electric power system. Furthermore, this work evaluates the feasibility of gas and electric operations in the new system configuration. The analysis is enabled by coupled gas and electric network modelling. The necessary PtG station installations and overhead line reinforcements are identified via scenario-based cost optimization. Hourly operations of electric power plants are scheduled as a sequence of day-head security-constrained unit commitment problems. A transient gas flow model assesses the capability of the gas network to act as short- and long-term storage of synthetic gas. The developed framework is applied to the electric and gas transmission networks of Great Britain, whose investments and operations are investigated for increasing renewable capacity levels based on the 2030 Gone Green case. Results show that almost complete CO2 recycling is achieved if the installed renewable capacity is approximately three times as large as the 2030 Gone Green estimates. The investments comprise 114 GW of PtG capacity and the construction of 23 electric parallel lines. Remarkably, gas network operations do not represent a limit to the storage of large amount of synthetic methane. Moreover, PtG stations are preferentially installed at locations with large RES capacity and foster large renewable penetration; only small curtailments occur even for large renewable capacity levels. These results support decision makers by quantifying the techno-economic implications of the presented extensive CO2 recycling strategy.
Keywords: CO2 recycling; Power-to-Gas; Renewable energy sources; Electric network; Gas network (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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