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Renewable energy in India: Current status and future potentials

Ashwani Kumar, Kapil Kumar, Naresh Kaushik, Satyawati Sharma and Saroj Mishra

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2010, vol. 14, issue 8, 2434-2442

Abstract: Renewable energy sources and technologies have potential to provide solutions to the long-standing energy problems being faced by the developing countries. The renewable energy sources like wind energy, solar energy, geothermal energy, ocean energy, biomass energy and fuel cell technology can be used to overcome energy shortage in India. To meet the energy requirement for such a fast growing economy, India will require an assured supply of 3-4 times more energy than the total energy consumed today. The renewable energy is one of the options to meet this requirement. Today, renewable account for about 33% of India's primary energy consumptions. India is increasingly adopting responsible renewable energy techniques and taking positive steps towards carbon emissions, cleaning the air and ensuring a more sustainable future. In India, from the last two and half decades there has been a vigorous pursuit of activities relating to research, development, demonstration, production and application of a variety of renewable energy technologies for use in different sectors. In this paper, efforts have been made to summarize the availability, current status, major achievements and future potentials of renewable energy options in India. This paper also assesses specific policy interventions for overcoming the barriers and enhancing deployment of renewables for the future.

Keywords: Renewable; energy; Solar; Wind; Biomass; Geothermal; Clean; development; mechanism (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010
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