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Promoting global CCS RDD&D by stronger U.S.–China collaboration

Jiahai Yuan and Thomas Lyon ()

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2012, vol. 16, issue 9, 6746-6769

Abstract: Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is the only technology available to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from large-scale fossil fuel usage. U.S. and China are the world’s largest GHG emitters. Collaboration between the two nations, therefore, offers the greatest opportunity for achieving meaningful reductions in global GHG emissions. Two countries’ current cooperation on CCS through Clean Energy Research Center based on the U.S.–China Strategic Forum on Clean Energy Cooperation mechanism provides an important initial step towards even closer and stronger cooperation in the future. In this paper, we justify such possibility by discourse on the seemly different but complementary social–political context in two countries including political system, government structure, economic policy, national innovation system, energy strategy, and energy market structure. We further address the key elements of future cooperation model by carefully considering the principle of equality and mutual beneficiary, the role of two countries in the whole value chain according to their comparative advantages, and the scale and mechanism of the funding. A milestone for the cooperation until 2030 is drafted and priority areas for both countries in the cooperation are identified. Such cooperation will provide the imperative leadership for global climate change and speed up the global CCS deployment.

Keywords: Carbon capture and storage; Research development, Demonstration & deployment; The U.S.–China energy cooperation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012
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DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2012.08.014

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