An overview of incentive policies for the expansion of renewable energy generation in electricity power systems and the Brazilian experience
Edson de Oliveira Pamplona,
Anderson Rodrigo de Queiroz,
Paulo Rotela Junior and
Marcelo Nunes Fonseca
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2017, vol. 70, issue C, 1090-1098
Energy production from renewable sources is already a reality in many countries, and with that, different strategies for incentivizing investments in renewable energy generation have been proposed and used over the years. In this study, long-term policies that have been applied in several countries, such as feed-in tariffs, shares with commercialization of certificates, auctions, and net metering, are overviewed and discussed. The main advantages and disadvantages of these incentive strategies are emphasized, focusing on applications. Some of these strategies that have already been applied in Brazil are analyzed in greater depth, emphasizing the potentialities and fragilities of these mechanisms observed within the country. Even though it is a country that stands out in relation to other Latin American countries regarding electricity generation from non-hydro renewable sources, Brazil still faces barriers that prevent a utilization compatible with its potential. Moreover, the trend for renewable sources, such as wind and solar power, is to represent an energy capacity reserve to cover hydrological risks and also to contribute to a distributed generation spread through electricity distribution networks.
Keywords: Renewable energy generation; Incentive policies; Electricity power systems; Long-term planning (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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