Is there convergence in per capita renewable energy consumption across U.S. States? Evidence from LM and RALS-LM unit root tests with breaks
James Payne (),
Maruška Vizek () and
Junsoo Lee ()
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2017, vol. 70, issue C, 715-728
Given the federal and state policy initiatives to curb fossil fuel consumption and expand the use of renewable energy sources in the U.S., this study investigates the convergence properties of per capita renewable energy consumption across U.S. states (including the District of Columbia). In addition to cross-sectional tests of β- and σ-convergence, our study employs LM and RALS-LM unit root tests with endogenously determined structural breaks to test for stochastic convergence. Traditional cross-sectional tests indicate that both β- and σ-convergence of per capita renewable energy consumption exists across U.S. states. Moreover, our results also provides clear support for stochastic convergence of per capita renewable energy consumption for a majority of U.S. states (including the District of Columbia) once allowance is made for structural breaks.
Keywords: Per capita renewable energy consumption; Convergence; Unit roots; Trend-shifts (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C22 E4 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (4) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:rensus:v:70:y:2017:i:c:p:715-728
Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.elsevier. ... 600126/bibliographic
Access Statistics for this article
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews is currently edited by L. Kazmerski
More articles in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Dana Niculescu ().