Environmental impacts of Lithium Metal Polymer and Lithium-ion stationary batteries
Julie Cloutier and
Mourad Amor ()
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2017, vol. 78, issue C, 46-60
The installed capacity of stationary batteries is expected to grow rapidly in the coming years. This deployment will have impacts on the environment that must be investigated to guide our policy and technology choices. A large variety of stationary battery technologies exists, however previous studies have failed to assess the environmental implications of several of them. In this study, the environmental performance of Lithium Metal Polymer (LMP) stationary batteries is quantified through the life cycle assessment methodology and compared to Lithium-ion (Li-ion) units. LMP is a promising technology which is advocated as more stable, safe and simple to manufacture than batteries with liquid electrolytes. Models with a storage capacity of 6 MWh and 75 kWh are examined, corresponding respectively to batteries designed for a centralized and a distributed grid configuration. The assessments cover the entire life cycle of the batteries and evaluate their impacts in fifteen different environmental categories.
Keywords: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA); Electrical energy storage; Stationary battery; Solid-state, Lithium Metal Polymer (LMP); Lithium-ion (Li-ion) (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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