Short-term integration costs of variable renewable energy: Wind curtailment and balancing in Britain and Germany
Michael Joos and
Iain Staffell ()
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2018, vol. 86, issue C, 45-65
Britain and Germany saw unprecedented growth of variable renewable energy (VRE) in the last decade. Many studies suggest this will significantly raise short-term power system operation costs for balancing and congestion management. We review the actual development of these costs, their allocation and policy implications in both countries.
Keywords: Electricity; Renewable energy; Wind power; Reserve; Balancing; Curtailment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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