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Determinants of renewable energy development in the EU countries. A 20-year perspective

Monika Papież, Sławomir Śmiech and Katarzyna Frodyma

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 2018, vol. 91, issue C, 918-934

Abstract: The objective of the paper is to identify factors which determine energy policy in the EU countries in the middle of 1990s. This objective is achieved in three stages. First, the changes in the distribution of RES in 26 EU countries in the period between 1995 and 2014 are investigated. The analysis demonstrates that over the last 20 years the EU countries diversify the RES they use, which results in substantial changes in their distribution. Second, the distribution of energy sources in 1995 is described, as it is assumed that the distribution might be a crucial factor influencing energy policy in each country. Third, several other factors related to energy security, environmental concerns, economy and politics are considered as potential determinants of renewable energy development.

Keywords: Renewable energy; European Union; LARS; PCA (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C31 C38 N74 Q2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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