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Waste and organized crime in regional environments

D’Amato, Alessio, Massimiliano Mazzanti () and Francesco Nicolli ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Alessio D'Amato ()

Resource and Energy Economics, 2015, vol. 41, issue C, 185-201

Abstract: Waste management and disposal are influenced by socio-economic, institutional and policy factors that possess idiosyncratic features in regional settings. The role of organized crime is a largely unexplored factor. Crime organizations such as the mafia are known to collude with local institutions to control waste markets. As a result, legal forms of waste disposal and socially preferable management options are often undermined primarily through an influence on policy enforcement. Given its high regional heterogeneity and local ‘waste crises’, Italy provides a compelling case for the study of crime's effects on local waste performance. Panel econometric analyses show that sorted collection of recyclable waste and legal forms of waste disposal are lower when the mafia's effect on the actions of local governments is more intense.

Keywords: Organized crime; Waste management and disposal; Enforcement costs; Decentralized policy; Panel data; Municipal waste (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: K42 Q53 R11 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2015
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DOI: 10.1016/j.reseneeco.2015.04.003

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