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Public acceptance of and heterogeneity in behavioral beach trip responses to offshore wind farm development in Catalonia (Spain)

Louinord Voltaire and Obafèmi Philippe Koutchade

Resource and Energy Economics, 2020, vol. 60, issue C

Abstract: A combined travel cost – contingent behaviour survey of residents and tourists in Catalonia is conducted on-site to examine the effects on beach recreational demand of developing an offshore wind farm (OWF) project. The survey considers four potential OWF scenarios with different degrees of visual impact. We allow for heterogeneity in trip preferences among individuals and control for on-site sampling through the use of a random parameters negative binomial (RPNB) model and a Multivariate Poisson log-normal (MPLN) model, respectively. The welfare measures derived from the RPNB model relate to the current beach users only, whereas those from the MPLN model refer to the general population of residents and tourists in Catalonia. The results show the importance of the specific place of location of the OWF project and how the installation of wind turbines would significantly decrease the demand for trips, depending on their degree of visual impacts, leading to a substantial welfare loss. However, the results also show that the project mainly would cause a displacement of trips to other beaches within Catalonia rather than outside Catalonia and that the welfare per trip measures generated by the RPNB and MPLN models substantially differ. Policy implications of these findings are discussed.

Keywords: Beach recreation demand; Combined travel cost – contingent behaviour data; Count data models; Offshore wind farms; Welfare loss (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D61 Q26 Q42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Working Paper: Public acceptance of and heterogeneity in behavioral beach trip responses to offshore wind farm development in Catalonia (Spain) (2020)
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DOI: 10.1016/j.reseneeco.2020.101152

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