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The effects of activity and geographic diversification on performance: Evidence from French financial institutions

Sameh Jouida (), Houssam Bouzgarrou () and Slaheddine Hellara

Research in International Business and Finance, 2017, vol. 39, issue PB, 920-939

Abstract: Our paper studies the impact of activity and geographic diversification on financial institution's performance. These diversification strategies are complementary in generating performance and may provide important implications. Moreover, we investigate the interaction between these two strategies. Our dataset comprises 4532 years observations over the period of 2002 to 2012 and covers 412 French financial institutions. We find a negative relationship between diversification and performance. However, this relationship is significantly positive when institutions implement a dual diversification strategy. In this paper, we propose a classification of French financial institutions. For generalists’ banks and cooperative banks, we find similar results to those of the entire sample. Furthermore, for specialized financial institutions, the relationship is positive and significant. Our findings are robust to the potential endogeneity problem and to measures of diversification and performance.

Keywords: Geographic diversification; Activity diversification; Performance; Financial institutions (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
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