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Shariah compliance and corporate cash holdings

Abdullah Bugshan, Faisal Alnori and Walid Bakry ()

Research in International Business and Finance, 2021, vol. 56, issue C

Abstract: This study investigates the influence of Shariah compliance status on cash holding levels and the speed of adjustment of non-financial listed firms in six Gulf Cooperation countries from 2005 to 2016. The results show that Shariah compliance status has a significant effect on firms’ cash holding decisions. Shariah-compliant firms have significantly higher cash holding levels than non-Shariah-compliant firms. Further, Shariah-compliant firms adjust more quickly towards their target cash holdings than their conventional counterparts. In our view, Shariah-compliant firms are subject to multiple restrictions that limit their external financing channels. Therefore, holding larger cash reserves is important as it helps gain from the transaction cost motive of holding cash. The findings of this study have important implications for regulators, investors and managers. To the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to compare the effect of Shariah compliance on firms’ cash holdings and the speed of adjustment towards the trade-off theory’s optimal cash holding target.

Keywords: Cash holding; Speed of adjustment; Shariah compliance; Islamic finance; Gulf cooperation council (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.ribaf.2021.101383

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