A hierarchical location model for determining capacities of neonatal intensive care units in Korea
Hoon Jang and
Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 2019, vol. 68, issue C
Reforming the healthcare delivery system to provide optimum care to sick newborn infants is a critical task in Korea. Motivated by the efforts of the Korean government, we study a capacity allocation model to design an optimal capacity allocation plan for neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). Our model considers the following properties: 1) the hierarchical feature of neonatal care services and 2) the congestion effect in NICU operations. We develop a mathematical model that combines a hierarchical location model with queuing theory. We subsequently apply the proposed model to the problem of allocating capacities to NICUs in Korea. We provide information that can help policymakers draw an initial plan by evaluating various capacity allocation scenarios. We further examine two policy alternatives for improving accessibility to neonatal care. One involves increasing service capacity by adaptively adding resources to NICUs, and the other includes expanding physical service coverage by introducing helicopter transport. The results show that each alternative can contribute toward improving accessibility, and we believe that these findings will have practical implications for developing a better neonatal care system.
Keywords: Neo-natal care system; Optimization; Facility location problem; Hierarchical location model; Queuing theory (search for similar items in EconPapers)
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:soceps:v:68:y:2019:i:c:s0038012118303343
Access Statistics for this article
Socio-Economic Planning Sciences is currently edited by Barnett R. Parker
More articles in Socio-Economic Planning Sciences from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Nithya Sathishkumar ().