Economics at your fingertips  

Adjusted indicators of quality and equity for monitoring the education systems over time. Insights on EU15 countries from PISA surveys

Isabella Sulis, Francesca Giambona and Mariano Porcu

Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 2020, vol. 69, issue C

Abstract: In this work, we investigate how European countries belonging to EU15 are performing in terms of the quality and equity of their educational systems. To do so, we jointly analysed student competencies in mathematics and reading using data collected in four different waves (2006, 2009, 2012, 2015) by the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) run by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). The aim of this analysis is twofold: (i) to assess the associations between students' competencies inmathematics and reading and their socioeconomic status and to investigate how this relationship varies across countries over time; (ii) to present a batch of adjusted indicators relevant to the investigation of educational performance over time in terms of quality (average student competencies) and equity (low association between student achievement and their socioeconomic backgrounds). We fitted a mixed-effect (multilevel) regression model with a bivariate latent structure and random intercepts and slopes to assess the effect of socioeconomic and cultural background on student competencies across countries over time and to assess the performance trajectories of EU15 countries with respect to European Commission benchmarks. We present and discuss our main findings and their implications in terms of the policies of EU15 countries.

Keywords: Education; OECD-PISA; Multilevel models; Adjusted indicators; Quality and equity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

DOI: 10.1016/j.seps.2019.05.005

Access Statistics for this article

Socio-Economic Planning Sciences is currently edited by Barnett R. Parker

More articles in Socio-Economic Planning Sciences from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Nithya Sathishkumar ().

Page updated 2021-03-09
Handle: RePEc:eee:soceps:v:69:y:2020:i:c:s0038012118301174