USAID, official development assistance and counter terrorism efforts: Pre and post 9/11 analysis for South Asia
Umer Shahzad (),
Muhammad Umar Farooq and
Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 2020, vol. 69, issue C
The 9/11 terrorist attacks in United States and the subsequent declaration of war on terror have upturned worldwide issues including terrorist attacks, fatalities, disbursement of foreign aid and development assistance. Since 9/11 attacks, US economic and military aids and official development assistance have played a vital role in the South Asian region. Present study is the pioneer to examine the reaction of different types of foreign aid toward counter-terrorism policies. For this purpose, the paper used annual data of studied factors for the period 1991 to 2016 and employed three models as preferred and full specification, pre and post 9/11 analysis and financial crisis analysis. For econometric estimations, the study used quantile regression method, negative binomial regression, system GMM and two stage IV regression techniques with different control variables. Accordingly, the study documented that all types of foreign aid namely; development assistance, economic aid, military aid fuels terrorism in recipient countries, due to institutional problems or ongoing civil conflicts. We also find evidence that military expenditures and media freedom tends to have negative relationship on terrorism.
Keywords: USAID; Official development assistance; Economic aid; Negative binomial regression; Terrorism; South Asia (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F35 O2 F23 N40 O53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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