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Prolonged unemployment and depression in older workers: A longitudinal study of intervening variables

Michael Frese () and Gisela Mohr

Social Science & Medicine, 1987, vol. 25, issue 2, 173-178

Abstract: In this study, unemployed blue-collar workers over the age of 45 (N = 51) filled out a questionnaire in 1975 and in 1977. It was shown that prolonged unemployment or re-unemployment leads to depression, reduced hope, and financial problems, although none of these factors leads to prolonged unemployment. Being employed or retired leads to a reduction of depression and financial problems. Problems associated with the daily hassles of unemployment, such as financial problems and disappointed hope play a role in the development of depression with prolonged unemployment. Potential third variables that could cause both unemployment and depression--such as internal/external control, passivity, sickness, and age--do no affect the effect of unemployment on depression.

Keywords: unemployment; depression; financial; situation; hope (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 1987
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