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Interactive video behavioral intervention to reduce adolescent females' STD risk: a randomized controlled trial

Julie S. Downs, Pamela J. Murray, Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Joyce Penrose, Claire Palmgren and Baruch Fischhoff

Social Science & Medicine, 2004, vol. 59, issue 8, 1561-1572

Abstract: A longitudinal randomized design was used to evaluate the impact of a theoretically based, stand-alone interactive video intervention on 300 urban adolescent girls' (a) knowledge about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), (b) self-reported sexual risk behavior, and (c) STD acquisition. It was compared to two controls, representing high-quality informational interventions. One used the same content in book form; the other used commercially available brochures. Following randomization, the interventions were administered at baseline, with booster sessions at 1, 3, and 6 months. Self-reports revealed that those assigned to the interactive video were significantly more likely to be abstinent in the first 3 months following initial exposure to the intervention, and experienced fewer condom failures in the following 3 months, compared to controls. Six months after enrollment, participants in the video condition were significantly less likely to report having been diagnosed with an STD. A non-significant trend in data from a clinical PCR assay of Chlamydia trachomatis was consistent with that finding.

Keywords: Behavioral; intervention; Condoms; Randomized; controlled; trials; Female; adolescents; Abstinence; Sexual; risk; taking (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2004
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