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System transition and structural change processes in the energy efficiency of residential sector: Evidence from EU countries

Valeria Costantini (), Francesco Crespi, Elena Paglialunga () and Giorgia Sforna

Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, 2020, vol. 53, issue C, 309-329

Abstract: This paper aims to analyse the evolution of energy efficiency systems for the residential sector of EU countries over the past twenty years and the associated process of structural change occurred in EU economies. To this purpose, we develop a set of indicators to measure some significant characteristics of the energy efficiency systems focusing on the residential sector and map European countries in terms of four dimensions: energy system, innovation pattern, policy mix design and export competitiveness. Building on these indicators we develop a cluster analysis identifying non-arbitrary homogeneous country groups according to several characteristics in order to investigate the co-evolution of technological trajectories, energy use performance and export competitiveness in this specific domain. Results suggest the distinction of EU countries into four groups, that are individually and comparatively scrutinized shedding light on how the four dimensions here considered dynamically evolved and interacted within and across countries. Empirical findings suggest that the design of the domestic policy mix may influence technological trajectories and structural change processes. Such effect appears to be related to the quality and dimension of international relationships with main economic partners.

Keywords: Policy mix; Eco-innovation; Energy efficiency; Residential sector; International competitiveness; Structural change (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O31 O38 Q48 Q55 Q58 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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Working Paper: System Transition and Structural Change Processes in the Energy Efficiency of Residential Sector: Evidence from EU Countries (2018) Downloads
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DOI: 10.1016/j.strueco.2019.05.001

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