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Transforming healthcare ecosystems through blockchain: Opportunities and capabilities for business process innovation

Davide Aloini, Elisabetta Benevento, Alessandro Stefanini and Pierluigi Zerbino

Technovation, 2023, vol. 119, issue C

Abstract: Blockchain is an unprecedented enabler and booster of business process innovation, especially in the healthcare sector. Nonetheless, its transformational potential has yet to be fully harnessed because of the challenges that digitalization has posed to Business Process Management (BPM) and the inherent complexity of the healthcare processes. Accordingly, through the ambidextrous BPM theoretical lenses, this paper investigates what are the main opportunities for Blockchain-driven healthcare process innovation and which BPM capabilities may unleash them. Two exploratory case studies were conducted to probe the Blockchain-driven process redesign: a case of exploitative BPM, focusing on drug logistics, and a case of explorative BPM, focusing on integrated home care. Our findings suggest that Blockchain may enable Healthcare innovation opportunities, such as the redesign of the information flow and the development of new forms of collaboration in the health ecosystem. In addition, the most relevant BPM capabilities to pursue such innovations were identified. These results integrate the BPM research stream and enhance the understanding of Blockchain-driven healthcare process innovation.

Keywords: Blockchain; Business process innovation; Healthcare; Ambidextrous business process management (BPM); Digitalization; BPM Capabilities (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023
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DOI: 10.1016/j.technovation.2022.102557

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