Economics at your fingertips  

What $2.5 billion can buy: The effect of the Broadband Initiatives Program on farm productivity

Yang Bai, Ryan Yang Wang and Krishna Jayakar

Telecommunications Policy, 2022, vol. 46, issue 7

Abstract: This paper investigates whether the Broadband Initiatives Program (BIP), implemented as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) had a positive impact on farm productivity, defined as farm sales per farm employment, in the counties that received any BIP funding. The effect of BIP on the growth of farm sales was examined for the 2008–2010, 2008–2011, 2008–2012 and 2008–2013 periods. The selection bias (the probability that a county received BIP funding) was accounted for using the inverse probability weighting regression method (IPW). The findings suggest that BIP funding had a significant but short-term impact on per employment farm sales.

Keywords: Broadband initiatives program; Rural development; Internet infrastructure (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2022
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link:

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.elsevier. ... /30471/bibliographic

DOI: 10.1016/j.telpol.2022.102404

Access Statistics for this article

Telecommunications Policy is currently edited by Erik Bohlin

More articles in Telecommunications Policy from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Catherine Liu ().

Page updated 2023-09-20
Handle: RePEc:eee:telpol:v:46:y:2022:i:7:s0308596122001069