EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

A downtown on-street parking model with urban truck delivery behavior

Ahmed Amer and Joseph Y.J. Chow

Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 2017, vol. 102, issue C, 51-67

Abstract: In this study we present an on-street parking model for downtowns in urban centers that incorporates the often-neglected delivery demand of delivery trucks. The behavior of truck deliveries is distinctly different from commuter parking: trucks do not cruise for parking spaces, and demand for goods delivery is driven by customers and is practically inelastic to the delivery costs. We generalize the downtown on-street parking model from Arnott and Inci (2006) to study the relationship between passenger vehicles’ parking and truck delivery behaviors, and provide tools for policy makers to optimize the trade-offs in parking space allocation, pricing, and aggregate network congestion. The social optimum can be obtained by solving a nonlinear optimization problem. The parking model is able to replicate the commuter-only scenario as a special case. It is shown that ignoring truck delivery behavior can significantly overestimate travel speeds and cruising stock. We applied the model to a case study of downtown Toronto and found that compared to a baseline scenario representative of Toronto in 2015, increasing parking fees from CAD $4/h to nearly CAD $7.85/h and assigning 4.1% of parking spaces to truck deliveries would eliminate cruising and truck double-parking, resulting in a social surplus gain of over CAD $14,304/h/mile2. In a first-best allocation scenario where total parking spaces can also change, we found that increasing total parking spaces by 18%, having 3.5% truck delivery allocation, and reducing parking fees to CAD $2.47/h would eliminate cruising and double-parking while increasing social surplus by CAD $24,883/h/mile2. These model findings are along the same level of effect as demonstrated in the literature.

Keywords: Downtown parking model; Delivery trucks; Truck deliveries; Double parking; City logistics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2017
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0965856415301154
Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:transa:v:102:y:2017:i:c:p:51-67

Ordering information: This journal article can be ordered from
http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/supportfaq.cws_home/regional
https://shop.elsevie ... _01_ooc_1&version=01

DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2016.08.013

Access Statistics for this article

Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice is currently edited by John (J.M.) Rose

More articles in Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice from Elsevier
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Haili He ().

 
Page updated 2020-05-02
Handle: RePEc:eee:transa:v:102:y:2017:i:c:p:51-67