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Airport demand management: The operations research and economics perspectives and potential synergies

David Gillen, Alexandre Jacquillat and Amedeo R. Odoni

Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 2016, vol. 94, issue C, 495-513

Abstract: Airport demand management aims to mitigate air traffic congestion by limiting the imbalances between demand and capacity at busy airports through administrative measures (e.g., slot controls) or economic incentives (e.g., congestion pricing, slot auctions). This paper provides an integrated synthesis of the contributions of the fields of operations research/management science (OR/MS) and economics on the subject matter. From an operating standpoint, assessing the benefits of demand management requires estimates of airport capacity and models of airport on-time performance. From a managerial standpoint, the design of demand management mechanisms can be supported by decision-making models of flight scheduling. From an economic standpoint, the welfare impact of congestion pricing, slot controls and slot auctions depends on the market structure at the airport. This paper proposes an integrated framework that underscores the interdependencies between these operating, managerial and economic aspects to foster cross-disciplinary approaches toward more effective demand management policies at busy airports worldwide.

Keywords: Demand management; Airport congestion; Capacity; Delays (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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