A dynamic equilibrium model of the oligopolistic closed-loop supply chain network under uncertain and time-dependent demands
Chi Kin Chan,
Yan Zhou and
Kar Hung Wong
Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 2018, vol. 118, issue C, 325-354
In this paper, we develop a dynamic equilibrium model of oligopolistic closed-loop supply chain network to account for the seasonality of demand. In this model, demands and returns are uncertain and time-dependent. The dynamic Cournot-Nash equilibrium of the oligopolistic network is constructed by evolutionary variational inequality and projected dynamical systems. The existence and monotonicity results are established and a computational method is developed for finding the dynamic Cournot-Nash equilibrium. Numerical examples are solved to illustrate the performance of our model. The results show that the firms’ optimal production and transaction quantities are strongly affected by the time-dependent demands.
Keywords: Closed-loop supply chain; Oligopolistic competition; Time-dependent; Uncertain demands (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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