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A distributionally robust optimization for blood supply network considering disasters

Changjun Wang and Shutong Chen

Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, 2020, vol. 134, issue C

Abstract: We study blood supply network optimization considering disasters where only a small number of historical observations exist. A two-stage distributionally robust optimization (DRO) model is proposed, in which uncertain distributions of blood demand are described by a moment-based ambiguous set, to optimize blood inventory prepositioning and relief activities together. To solve this intractable DRO with integer recourse, an approximate way is developed to transform it into a semidefinite program. A case study, based on the Longmenshan Fault in China, validates that our approach outperforms typical benchmarks, including deterministic, stochastic and robust programming. Sensitivity analysis provides helpful managerial insights.

Keywords: Blood supply network; Disaster relief; Stochastic distributionally robust optimization; Transshipment; Semidefinite programming (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020
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DOI: 10.1016/j.tre.2020.101840

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