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How to evaluate and plan the freight-passengers first-last mile

Silvio Nocera, Giuseppe Pungillo and Francesco Bruzzone

Transport Policy, 2021, vol. 113, issue C, 56-66

Abstract: “First-last mile” (FLM) is an informal composed-word, widely used to indicate the first and the last leg of each transport movement. In this paper, it is defined as a complex system characterized by three interconnected macro factors that determine the success of a transport planning system. This is a very challenging part of the transport system from a planning perspective because of the critical issues that make it not much reliable and cost-effective.

Keywords: Transport planning; First-last mile transport; First-last mile problem (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
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DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2020.01.007

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