The container transport system during Covid-19: An analysis through the prism of complex networks
Lucie Letrouit () and
Transport Policy, 2022, vol. 115, issue C, 113-125
This paper analyses the changes on the maritime network before and after the Covid-19 outbreak. Using a large sample of vessel movements between ports, we show a decrease in the global maritime connectivity and significant differences between ports and inter-port links. Furthermore, we find that Covid-19 mitigation measures implemented by governments affected regional port hierarchies differently, with a reduction in port concentration in Europe and Africa and an increase in Asia and North America. Globally, very large ports and small but densely inter-connected ones resisted better to the crisis than the others, while small transshipment hubs and bridges appear to have been more negatively impacted. These findings have implications for the design of more resilient port strategies and transport policies by states and firms.
Keywords: Maritime transportation; Covid-19; Pandemic; Complex networks; Disruption (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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