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Land tenure, price shocks, and insurgency: Evidence from Peru and Colombia

Jenny Guardado

World Development, 2018, vol. 111, issue C, 256-269

Abstract: The paper examines how property arrangements – a key determinant of rural income – influence armed conflict in the presence of commodity price shocks. Using detailed data on district level land tenure, crop produce, and conflict intensity in Peru and Colombia, estimates show that exogenous negative price shocks increase the intensity of conflict in districts with a greater presence of individual ownership, relative to other types of land tenure. The finding is consistent with small landowners in the export sector experiencing a sharper downturn in labor market outcomes thus reducing the opportunity cost of participating in insurgent groups.

Keywords: Armed conflict; Land tenure; Commodity prices; Income shocks; Natural resources (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018
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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:111:y:2018:i:c:p:256-269