Household energy expenditure in Ghana: A double-hurdle model approach
Adusah-Poku, Frank and
Kenji Takeuchi ()
World Development, 2019, vol. 117, issue C, 266-277
This study examines the factors affecting household energy expenditures in Ghana. We employ the double-hurdle model to investigate whether the factors affecting fuel choice differ from those affecting fuel expenditures. The following results are obtained using a nationwide representative household dataset. First, we show that the factors influencing the household’s decision to participate in either the LPG or charcoal market differ from those influencing how much is spent. Second, households that already use and, therefore spend money to acquire LPG or charcoal are indifferent to prices of other fuels. At the same time, households using and spending positive amounts on multiple cooking fuels (charcoal and LPG) are insensitive to the prices of other fuels. Third, although income plays a role in rural and urban residents’ expenditures on LPG, it is insignificant in terms of urban residents’ spending on charcoal. These findings suggest that different programs and policies may be necessary for (1) households that already use modern cooking fuels and those that do not and (2) households in urban and rural areas.
Keywords: Energy expenditure; Double-hurdle; Cooking fuels; LPG; Charcoal; Ghana (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:117:y:2019:i:c:p:266-277
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